A new study from scientists shows that the Antarctic glaciers are losing significant amounts of ice because of climate change. The specialists suspect that the warm waters of the ocean led to this phenomenon in the Antarctic and they estimate that the process won’t stop anytime soon. They observed that the melting is occurring on accelerate rates for fifteen years now.
The researchers in charge of the new study state that the most affected part of the Antarctic is the West side. The region is bordered by the Amundsen Sea, and the Antarctic glaciers in there have already melted and shrunk to an alarming level.
The report from the researchers also points out that the melting of the Antarctic glaciers will bring about the raising of the sea level. For instance, experts estimate that the Thwaites Glacier alone is responsible for no less than ten percent of the increased sea level worldwide. The Pine Island Glaciers is also one of the main ice formations which contribute to the phenomenon of the rising sea levels.
The main cause which led to the ice melting in the Antarctic is climate change. The increased temperatures also led to the warming of the waters in the seas and oceans of the world. This is another factor which contributes to the loss of ice experienced by the Antarctic glaciers.
The specialists explain that the glaciers are connected to the sea through ice shelves. If the water is warm, it affects the ice shelves and causes the glacier to become weak. This means that warming waters contribute to the glaciers’ retreat.
Scientists have recently focused on three of the glaciers in the Antarctic, namely Kohler, Smith, and Pope Glaciers. Previous studies suggest that they have shrunk considerably. A pointed phenomenon was reported in the 2000s. The recent study is based on information provided by equipment from NASA. The researchers were interested especially on what happens with the parts of glaciers located underwater.
The new findings show that the Smith Glacier was the most affected by the paired effects of climate change and the ocean’s warm water. The report states that the glaciers lost more than half of its ice shelf a year. The researchers explain that the Amundsen Sea also experienced a period of unusually warm waters, and it coincides with the time when the Smith Glacier lost most of its ice.
The new study accounting for the situation of the glaciers in the Antarctic region was published on October 25, in Nature Communications.
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