The richer our vocabulary is, the better people will be able to communicate with one another. Scientists have just managed to identify 27 emotions that all humans are going through in their lives. However, the society was aware of only six emotion varieties so far which heavily restricted the way people expressed themselves in front of the others.
Scientists Learned That Humans’ Emotions Are Not Always Pure Which Leads to Hybrid Sentiments
Researchers at UC Berkley managed to discover 27 and not just six different human emotional experiences. Not only that, but they created an interactive map to illustrate how each of them interacts with the others visually.
The limited range of sentiments people used to know consisted of happiness, sadness, anger, disgust, surprise, and fear. However, scientists concluded that nobody is feeling the purest form of these internal experiences all the time. At times they feel a less intense happiness or people can also mix their feelings and render romance, nostalgia, confusion, sexual desire, and others hybrid emotions.
The author of the paper is Alan Cowen who published his findings in the National Academy of Sciences together with his colleague Dacher Keltner. The two scientists gathered data by asking 800 participants to rank the intensity of their inner feelings after watching each of their 30 short videos.
‘We wanted to shed light on the full palette of emotions that color our inner world.’
In total, the study collected 2,185 short silent clips. Each of them sends a certain powerful emotion by resorting to scenes such as babies, proposals, births, weddings, risky stunts, natural calamities, sexual acts, awkward moments, and others. The result is a list of 27 standalone emotion varieties.
The new sentiments are: amusement, anger, anxiety, awe, awkwardness, boredom, calmness, confusion, contempt, craving, disappointment, disgust, empathic pain, entrancement, envy, excitement, fear, guilt, horror, interest, joy, nostalgia, pride, relief, romance, sadness, satisfaction, sexual desire, surprise, sympathy, and triumph.
The Scientific Experiment Attested that the Majority of Participants Felt Similar Emotion Varieties under Same Visual Stimuli
On top of that, researchers tested with another group the existence of all these inner events. They asked to link each video to one of the 27 newly discovered emotions. The majority managed to connect the same one to the afferent clip.
The third group was asked to describe the intensity of each of the sentiments the videos transmitted and use a dichotomy such as positive versus negative. All three groups proved that the majority of participants were going through similar emotional experiences.
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