There are certain facts about Lyme disease that all individuals must know, especially now that spring is upon us, and picnics are starting to become popular again. Ticks can hide anywhere in the grass, and people can get bitten without even realizing it.
Facts About Lyme Disease
Lyme borreliosis, or Lyme for short, is an infectious disease. The illness is caused by some bacteria from the Borrelia type. The first sign of a Lyme infection is a red area that appears in the place where you have been bitten by the tick. The redness tends to expand a week after the incident.
The affected area is not painful, nor itchy. Some patients ignore the area because of this reason, making their symptoms worse.
Roughly 25 to 50 percent of the total number of individuals that are bitten by a tick don’t develop a rash. So if you suspect you have been exposed to Lyme disease, you may want to visit the doctor’s office just in case.
Early symptoms that can appear in the event of a possible Lyme infestation are headaches, fever, and lack of energy, the sensation of being tired all the time. If the disease is left untreated, patients may experience more severe symptoms like facial paralysis (they lose the ability to feel or move some parts of their faces), neck stiffness, severe headaches, joint pains, and even heart palpitations.
According to the doctors, patients may experience swelling and joint pain even a few years after the initial infection. And even though treatment has been efficient in almost 80 percent of cases, there is still that 20 percent that experiences severe symptoms even after they take their prescribed medication.
Experts advise any outdoor lovers to wear long socks, or pants when venturing in places with tall or thick grass. Also, they recommend people to spray their lawn with DEET or other pesticides that specifically say they target ticks.
The complete outfit that people should adopt when venturing into the wilderness includes long-sleeved shirts, hats, long pants that were tucked into the boots or the socks. Moreover, adventurers are advised to wear light-color clothes so that the tick would be visible before it gets a chance to attach itself.
In the case somebody gets bitten, the tick must be removed as soon as possible using a pair of tweezers. If the insect is filled with blood, then the patient must be taken to an emergency room in order to get a shot of doxycycline.
Pharmaceutical companies are still working on a vaccine against Lyme disease. Until then, caution is advised in grassy areas.
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