A new study from UNICEF shows that labour disparity applies to children too. The findings point out that girls work much more than boys and they are educated to do so. The new study is concerned with the situation of children around the world, and the results suggest that girls spend up to one hundred sixty million hours more than boys doing house chores.
Official reports from UNICEF show that girls work forty percent more than boys in several communities around the world. They do a wide variety of house chores, such as caring for very young or elderly members of the family, cleaning the house, preparing food, caring for animals and domestic pets, as well as being in charge of water supplies.
The study shows that parents force girls to work starting at young ages. Ever since they are five years old, girls in certain communities can be assigned several tasks. Until they are nine years old, they spend about thirty percent of their time doing house chores, the study says. However, they have much more responsibilities after the age of fifteen, when they dedicate most than half of their time to this sort of activities.
Specialists warn that labour disparity leads to gender stereotypes in the society. Girls and women have to sacrifice more time and energy on domestic chores, while boys and men believe that they are privileged.
Somalia is one of the countries displaying high levels of labour disparity. Girls aged ten to fourteen are forced to work for almost twenty-six hours each week. Countries like Yemen and Burkina Faso register similar scores.
UNICEF authorities try to raise awareness about the many negative effects of labour disparity. Such an education is meant to make girls’ lives difficult, by assigning them many responsibilities and little rights. Girls lose their rights to a healthy, care-free childhood, as well as their right to education.
Reports show that girls are also victims of domestic violence, and are prone to early premature marriages. However, despite their sacrifices and hard work, families tend to underrate the outcomes of girls’ work. Boys and man are regarded as leaders, and, as a result, only their activities are considered to be important.
Countries in Africa and Asia were investigated for this new study. The report was released in due time for the International Day of the Girls, which will be celebrated on October 11.
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