A new study reveals that almost half of the adults living in the United States have either diabetes or a pre-diabetes condition. Pre-diabetes refers to a situation in which the person has high sugar levels and is only a step away from developing diabetes.
The experts involved in the study looked at the data of around 5,000 patients who took part in a national survey that was meant to determine what the prevalence of diabetes was and how various ethnic groups might be affected by it.
They noted that there was significant increase over time in each category that they took into account: “Diabetes prevalence significantly increased over time in every age group, in both sexes, in every racial and ethnic group, by all education levels, and in all poverty income groups,” they wrote.
The researchers also measured the participants’ body mass index to determine if their weight was within normal parameters. As expected, the risk of developing diabetes was higher among people who had a body mass index of 30 or higher.
A body mass index above 30 means the person is obese. With Asian- Americans, even a BMI higher than 25, which would classify the person as overweight is linked to higher chance of developing diabetes.
The most prevalent type of diabetes is type 2, where the body usually develops insulin resistance. Type1 is characterized by the body’s failure to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is associated with lack of exercise and unhealthy diets.
This is why there are currently over 29 million people living in the United States who suffer from diabetes and 86 million who have a pre-diabetes condition, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The worst part is that people who have the condition are still reluctant to change their lifestyle and have a healthier body weight. Diabetes doesn’t kill you instantly but it sure leads to premature death, unless a better diet is adopted and the person starts doing some exercise. It is a known fact that diabetes can lead to blindness, gangrenes, heart failure or strokes.
The results of the study were published in the journal JAMA on September 8.
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