More and more companies are canceling their flights. While this is not an unusual event, the reason for these halts is new. Temperatures started to hit record numbers and encompass 120 degrees during the day. Because of these extreme weather conditions, it may become too hot to perform aircraft takeoffs safely sooner than thought..
Hot Weather Impairs Aircraft Takeoffs
A new study appeared in the journal Climate Change on Thursday. The paper reveals that within decades, flight companies will find it harder than ever before to take off their planes. The findings indicate that there will be more flight cancellations due to heat-related difficulties.
When the day hits the peak of hot temperatures, 10 to 30% planes will have no other choice than to get rid of cargo, fuel or even passengers. If these solutions are not an option, then they will have to cancel the flight altogether.
The scientific explanation depends on the influence of the heat over the air. As the air gets warmer, it spread out in the atmosphere, rendering a lower density than before. When airplanes fly in thinner air, their wings don’t have enough support anymore to lift high when aircraft attempt to take off from the runway. Therefore, a lighter weight is the only solution to manage aircraft takeoffs under these extreme conditions.
By 2080, Heat Waves Will Go Up Eight Degrees Celsius
The average temperature around the world increased one degree Celsius since 1980. The study investigated the side effects of this phenomenon. More than that, there are no signs that average temperature will get lower than this in the near future. The research stated that by 2100, the average temperature would gain as much as three degrees Celsius.
In the meantime, heat waves are expected to become more aggressive. By 2080, airports will have to deal with annual maximum temperatures up to eight degrees Celsius higher. It is this heat wave that has the most potential to disrupt the aerial traffic.
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