Typhoid fever is a disease that evolves rapidly and spreads with the speed of supernovas. Recent research has revealed an antibiotic-resistant microbe leading to immediate Typhoid contagion and rapid rates of spreading. The killer bug is called H58 and causes more than 200.000 deaths per year in territories like Asia and Africa.
The organism causing typhoid is called Salmonella typhi and infects 22 million people worldwide on a yearly basis. First reactions to the virus are fever, headaches, constipation and chills. Sometimes it is very hard to distinguish it from a large and similar variety of infectious diseases.
A landmark genetic study of the organism that allows for Typhoid fever to burst out showed that H58 was a single drug-resistant strain powerful enough to push out older strains susceptible to common antibiotics.
74 researchers from 24 countries worldwide analyzed the realities of this disease and came to interesting findings.
Typhoid fever evolving rapidly could caused by the broad usage of antibiotics as well, conducting to drug resistance in the organism and high vulnerability to strong viruses.
As the H58 microbe evolved and spread, it acquired resistance in frontline microbials and even in improved substances such as ciprofloxacin and azithromycin.
Typhoid can be contacted by drinking or eating contaminated matter and from carriers who pass it through faeces and urine.
Due to the rapid installation of symptoms and high resistance to medication, the H58 virus poses a worrying threat. It is misleading, as symptoms don’t have a particular set of signs, can easily perceived as flu and it conquers healthy organisms immediately. Consequently evolves into a fatal disease.
All reported data is the result of a research conducted by 74 scientists gathered from twenty four different corners of the world. Considering the data and the facts, this is one of the most extensive pieces of genetic data on a human infectious agent.
Cases of Typhoid fever have been reported in Africa and Asia. On a world wide scale, 2 million people are infected with the virus. Number of deaths is increasing, with 200.000 annually reported victims.
Typhoid proves to be fatal for 20% of contaminated patients.
Over the past 30 years, a silent epidemic resistant to antibiotics has been spreading across Africa and it begins to take shape as a serious concern about public health.
The team of 74 researchers found that H58 emerged in South Asia 30 years ago and spread to South East Asia, South Africa, Fiji and Western Asia. There also appears to be an unreported wave of infections across African states. The virus arrived in Kenya 10 years ago and spread to Malawi 5 years ago. From collected data, scientists have concluded that the Typhoid Fever virus jumped from South Asia to East Africa.
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